[16], Chives are a bulb-forming herbaceous perennial plant, growing to 30–50 cm (12–20 in) tall. Focused on perennial, hardy, useful, edible and resilient plants, we use low and no tech solutions to grow out hundreds of different types of plants for our community and beyond! Chives are grown for their scapes and leaves, which are used for culinary purposes as a flavoring herb, and provide a somewhat milder onion-like flavor than those of other Allium species. In the home garden, you’re also better off harvesting smaller leeks. All of the plant is edible. Although there are types of flower bulbs you can eat, always, always, always check with a professional first. [37], Romani have used chives in fortune telling. Young roots and the interior of the flower stalks are also edible. LATEST: Instant Pot Asian Style Sticky Ribs (Pressure Cooker) No Churn Chocolate Toffee Ice Cream. Chinese leeks, also known as garlic chives or Chinese chives, impart mild garlic flavor to dishes. The larger the leek plants grow, the more likely they are to produce a leek plant flower. You can also grow leeks in containers. If you’ve ever considered popping a flower bulb into your mouth, don’t! gredense (Rivas Goday) Rivas Mart., Fern. One example was found in northern Maine growing solitary, instead of in clumps, also exhibiting dingy grey flowers. Columbus, Indiana is located in USDA Hardiness Zone 6. [23][14] In the Middle Ages, it was known as 'rush leek'. Complete harvesting in spring before the leek plant sends up a flower stalk. Blanch the tops and chop finely for use as a garnish or seasoning. It is also found in southwestern Europe, in France, Portugal and Spain. Be sure that wherever you plant them, the soil is amended to at least 12″ deep with a good amount of compost for best growth. In northern Europe, in Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden and the United Kingdom. & Sánchez Mata and Allium schoenoprasum subsp. sibiricum, although this is disputed. Three closely related vegetables, elephant garlic, kurrat and Persian leek or tareh, are also cultivars of A. ampeloprasum, although different in their uses as food. Other than weather, too much fertilizer is probably the next biggest cause of bolting leeks. A. Chives, scientific name Allium schoenoprasum, is a species of flowering plant in the family Amaryllidaceae that produces edible leaves and flowers. All of these parts are edible including mature flowers and have a delicate garlic onion flavor. The scape is the flower stalk, and if left on the plant, will open up into a very pretty flower (like on my crazy overgrown green onions below). Chives, scientific name Allium schoenoprasum, is a species of flowering plant in the family Amaryllidaceae that produces edible leaves and flowers. [12], Edible species of flowering plant in the family Amaryllidaceae, This article is about the edible plant common in Western cuisine. Chives are one of the fines herbes of French cuisine, the others being tarragon, chervil and parsley. You are more likely to find them in pastures, meadows and woodland edges. It was rated in the top 10 for most nectar production (nectar per unit cover per year) in a UK plants survey conducted by the AgriLand project which is supported by the UK Insect Pollinators Initiative. Leek scapes are pickled or used in place of garlic for pesto. If they don't smell like onions, the plants aren't Wild Leek. Wild Leek is a large genus of about 400 species. You can also use them as an edible ornamental, as their fan-shaped structure lends itself well to flower backdrops. Garlic Chives or Wild Leeks are a bulbous perennial herb with characteristic onion or garlic odor. The genus Allium also contains the onion, garlic, shallot, scallion, chive, and Chinese onion. Your local cooperative extension office is a good place to start. As its names suggests, it has rather fewer flowers than one might expect from such a vigorous plant, but it makes up for this by producing lots of bulbils which are good to eat in similar way to wild garlic seeds. Sign up for our newsletter. Grown for both ornamental and culinary uses, garlic chives are a great addition to edible landscapes. [31] The flowers are also edible and are used in salads,[32] or used to make Blossom vinegars. If you like anise, this is the edible flower for you. They are also easily propagated by division. Altervista Flora Italiana, Erba cipollina, wild chives, Civette, Schnittlauch, North American Cornucopia: Top 100 Indigenous Food Plants (2014), The European Garden Flora Flowering Plants: A Manual for the Identification, "Which flowers are the best source of nectar? [34], In cold regions, chives die back to the underground bulbs in winter, with the new leaves appearing in early spring. porrum) are cool season biennial bulbs that have long, slender leaves with white bases darkening to grey-green. Leeks (Allium ampeloprasum var. This means that you should plant leeks after daytime temperatures are consistently above 45 F. (7 C.). 43. Johnny’s offers organic Chinese leek seed varieties selected for ornamental and culinary use. & Sánchez Mata[2], Chives are native to temperate areas of Europe, Asia and North America. However, if you just cook the dark-green leaves longer, they are indeed edible. The flowers are pale purple, and star-shaped with six petals, 1–2 cm (1⁄2–3⁄4 in) wide, and produced in a dense inflorescence of 10-30 together; before opening, the inflorescence is surrounded by a papery bract. raw or cooked. The small bulbs can vary considerably in size from 2 - 6cm[200], they have a fairly strong leek to garlic flavour and are nice as a flavouring in cooked foods[K]. [15], The plant provides a great deal of nectar for pollinators. Cut Leek scapes diagonally and add to soups and stir fries. [23], Retzius also describes how farmers would plant chives between the rocks making up the borders of their flowerbeds, to keep the plants free from pests (such as Japanese beetles). [2][21], The name of the species derives from the Greek σχοίνος, skhoínos (sedge or rush) and πράσον, práson (leek). Please refer to: How to Take a Leek in the Woods. [25][27] The growing plant repels unwanted insect life, and the juice of the leaves can be used for the same purpose, as well as fighting fungal infections, mildew, and scab. The plants become tougher once the flower stalks form. Rodale Press 1979, Riotte. [39][12], In the 19th century, Dutch farmers fed cattle on the herb to give a different taste to their milk. They can also be planted under a cloche or germinated indoors in cooler climates, then planted out later. [12][13], Chives are a commonly used herb and can be found in grocery stores or grown in home gardens. While leeks can survive freezing temperatures, they will be more prone to go to seed later on if they are exposed to freezing temperatures. The white, onion-like bulb and light green shanks are commonly used in cooking, but the whole leaf and flower are also edible. The flowers closely resemble daisies, albeit much smaller. Avoid fertilizing when the leeks are planted and while the leeks are growing. After at least four weeks, the young shoots should be ready to be planted out. [26] In Poland and Germany, chives are served with quark. It is found in rich, moist forests and natural areas. Ladle into warm bowls and top with a fried quail egg. The first thing to do to stop bolting leeks is to plant at the right time. Leek leaves are edible, but are tough and chewy. doustpauline of > \whatwhenwhere/