Often called the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal, the incident was actually two separate battles on back-to-back nights. Leading the American force was Rear Adm. Daniel Callaghan. Having halted the Japanese advance at the Battle of Midway in June 1942, Allied forces launched their first major offensive two months later when US Marines landed on Guadalcanal.Quickly establishing foothold on the island, they completed an airfield that the … David H. Lippman At dawn on Friday, November 13, 1942, burning, wrecked ships littered the waters of Guadalcanal. On the night of 12th-13th November 1942 an extremely violent and intense naval battle broke out off Guadalcanal. The naval battle of Guadalcanal (13-15 November 1942) was a series of connected engagements that saw the defeat of the last major Japanese attempt to bring reinforcements to Guadalcanal and was the most important of the six naval battles that were fought around Guadalcanal. However, in June the Japanese began constructing a full-fledged airbase on the nearby island of Guadalcanal. The Naval Battle of Guadalcanal, sometimes referred to as the Third Battle of Savo Island or, in Japanese sources, as the Third Battle of the Solomon Sea (第三次ソロモン海戦), took place November 12–15, 1942, and was the decisive battle in a series of naval battles that took place between Allied (primarily U.S.) and Japanese forces during the months-long Battle of Guadalcanal … The first night of the battle, November 13, 1942, saw an inferior American force intercept a larger Japanese force intent on shelling Henderson Field. The number of enemy troops evacuated varies from a highly improbable 13,000 offered as an estimate by a prisoner of war under interrogation by the United States Bombing Survey to a more easily credible 7,000, also submitted as an estimate, given in the Japanese Campaign in the Guadalcanal Area. Part 2 - BY DATE, NOVEMBER 1942, Battle for Guadalcanal, Naval Battles of Guadalcanal The Second Naval Battle of Guadalcanal spelled the difference between victory and defeat for the United States in the Pacific war. A large Japanese task force was intent on landing troops onto Guadalcanal to continue the attack on the U.S. positions at Henderson Field, while its’ battleships would be used to bombard the same positions. The Bureau of Naval Personnel's official list of the Navy's World War II casualties resulting from enemy action is a 1947 IBM printout arranged chronologically by the campaigns as listed in the Secretary of the Navy's Navy and Marine Corps Awards Manual. The island of Tulagi had been occupied by the Japanese during the Battle of the Coral Sea in May, 1942. World War 2 - United States Navy at War. It also saw the first direct clash between American and Japanese battleships … Navy and Marine Corps Awards Manual - The Bureau of Naval Personnel's official list of the Navy's World War II casualties resulting from enemy action totals some 36,495 KIA, DOW or died as POW in the following campaigns and battles: UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS CASUALTIES. The Naval Battle of Guadalcanal was fought November 12-15, 1942, during World War II (1939-1945). Sources of Information on US Navy Casualties in World War II. It was the first major offensive by Allied forces against the Empire of Japan. The destroyer Ayanami launched her Long Lances at 11:30 pm; the others fired theirs about five minutes later, before making a turn to port. Numerous naval battles took place in the waters off Guadalcanal as the Japanese and Americans fought savagely for control of the key island in the Solomons chain. Guadalcanal Naval Battles. 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